Сверхкритические флюиды. Теория и практика
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2016, N4, pp. 80-90

V.I. Bogdan, A.V. Kondratyuk, A.E. Koklin, V.V. Lunin

Interaction of Phenol and Cyclohexanol with Supercritical Water

Transformation of phenol and cyclohexanol was studied in supercritical water (SCW) in a flow reactor at 300 bar, 500–750°C, and LHSV = 1.2–2.0 h-1. At 500–600°C the only products of phenol conversion are aromatic hydrocarbons – benzene, toluene, naphthalene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Almost complete conversion of phenol is achieved at 750°C with selectivity to gaseous products (H2, CO2, CH4, C2H4, C2H6) not higher than 30%. A preliminary catalytic hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanol facilitates both overall reaction with SCW and the formation of gaseous products. At temperature as low as 600°C gaseous products are formed from cyclohexanol, and its complete conversion is achieved at 700°C. In the latter case the yield of the gaseous products reaches 70%, including 40% of C1–C2 hydrocarbons. The differences in the rate of conversion in SCW and in selectivity to gaseous products between phenol and cyclohexanol at 500–750°C are associated with the stability of the aromatic ring.

Key words: phenol, cyclohexanol, gasification, supercritical water

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